Magnesium deficiency is also known as hypomagnesemia. If you don’t get enough of this essential mineral and electrolyte, your bone development, blood pressure regulation, energy production and other important functions may be affected.
What are the magnesium deficiency symptoms in adults, and how can you get more magnesium into your daily life?
Why is magnesium important?
Magnesium promotes better blood sugar and protein levels, bone and tooth development, muscle and nerve function, blood pressure regulation, heart health and energy production. It works with other electrolytes like sodium, potassium and calcium within your cells, tissues, bones and bodily fluids.
Electrolytes, in general, are important because they help regulate your body’s pH levels. They also balance water in the body and help move nutrients and waste in and out of cells. All of these functions help the brain, heart, nerves and muscles function appropriately.
Magnesium deficiency symptoms in adults
The first symptom most people notice is fatigue. Since that can be attributed to many other health issues, look for muscle weakness, stiffness or spasms, loss of appetite and nausea or vomiting.
If your magnesium levels drop, your kidneys will try to reserve it by slowing down or stopping urination. As you know, our kidneys and urination are a way for the body to get rid of waste. If your kidneys aren’t excreting waste in an effort to preserve magnesium, you may suffer serious kidney and organ damage.
Symptoms worsen as time goes on. If you’re experiencing behavioral changes, abnormal heart rhythms, seizures or muscle cramps, see a doctor immediately.
Magnesium deficiency is caused by a number of conditions, including alcoholism, pancreatitis, starvation, diarrhea, type 2 diabetes, some medications, gastric bypass surgery and fat malabsorption. If you suffer from any of these conditions or have had certain medications and surgeries, this will help your doctor narrow down a diagnosis. Older adults, infants and children are the most at risk.
How do I know if I need a magnesium supplement?
The best way to find out whether you need a magnesium supplement is to see your doctor. They will be able to assess your overall health and create a plan, especially if you’re experiencing any of the more alarming symptoms.
If you have a minor magnesium deficiency, you should be able to take care of it with a regular supplement. While they’re available in everything from pill form to IV form, liquids and powders (which dissolve in liquid) are the best for intestinal absorption.
When adults experience severe magnesium deficiency symptoms, they may be given intravenous magnesium. This helps regulate levels faster and more reliably than oral supplements. Eating plenty of healthy, whole foods is also a good way to boost your natural magnesium levels.
Getting the right amount of magnesium is important for your essential bodily functions. If you’ve noticed adult magnesium deficiency symptoms, visit your medical doctor right away. They can suggest a supplement and dosage that’s right for your needs.
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